Posted by : andha hikaru Wednesday, 6 May 2015

This time we discuss about the pronunciation is written with N (ん)ん does not exist in front of the word, and is one mora. 

  • Greeting ん form according to the sound that followed, such as {n}, {m} and {ŋ}.
    Pronunciation / n / on before the sound in line た, だ, and lines な ら.Examples:は ん た い (Hantai): resistance, う ん ど う (Undo): sport, せ ん ろ (Senri): railroads, み ん な (minna): all

Pronunciation / m / on before the sound in line ば, ぱ and ま line.Examples:し ん ぶ ん (sinbun): newspapers, え ん ぴ つ (enpitsu): pencil う ん め い (Unmei): fate

Pronunciation / ŋ / in before the sound of the rows and rows が か.Examples:て ん き (tenki): weather, け ん が く (kengaku): reviewing

  • Greeting written with small つ
つ small letter is pronounced as a mora, followed by the sound of the line か, さ line, line and line ぱ た. at the time of the names and foreign words written, small ツ followed by a noise like in rows and rows ザ ダ.Example: ぶ か / open (subordinate): ぶ っ か / Bukka (price of goods)か さ い / kasai (fire): か っ さ い / Kassai (applause)お と / bibs (sound): お っ と / otto (husband)に っ き / nikki (diaries) ざ っ し / Zasshi (magazine) き っ て / kitte (stamps)い っ ぱ い / Ippai (many) コ ッ プ / Koppu (glass) べ ッ ド / beddo (bed)
  •  Greeting letter followed by や, ゆ or small よ
き, ぎ, し, じ, ち, に, ひ, び, ぴ, and り み can be followed by a small letter ゃ, ゅ, ょ, Two-spoken as a mora.Example: ひ や く / hiyaku (skipping): ひ ゃ く / hiyakku (one hundred)じ ゆ う / jiyu (freedom): じ ゅ う / ju (weapon)び よ う い ん / biyoin (beauty salon): び ょ う い ん / byoin (hospital)シ ゃ ツ / shi ~ Yatsu (shirt) お ち ゃ / ocha (tea) ぎ ゅ う に ゅ う gyunyu (cow's milk)き ょ う / kyo (today) ぶ ち ょ う / Bucho (head section) り ょ こ う / riyokou (trip)
  • Greeting letters in line が
Consonants in a row が pronounced as [ɡ] at the beginning of words, but on the other it is pronounced as [ŋ]. More recently there is a tendency among Japanese to pronounce always as [ɡ].
  • Loss of vowels [i] and [u]

Vowel [i] and [u] are often not voiced when there are between consonants noiseless. Vowel [u] in す [su] at the end of words - で す or - ま す also omitted if - で す or - ま す there at the end of a sentence.Example: す き / tsuki (like), し た い で す / shitaidesu (want to do), き き ま す / kikitai (hearing)

  • Accent
Japanese word accent the high-low tone. Ie in one word there spoken with his mora high, there is a pronounced his mora low. Presence or absence of speech which began modestly in one word, is divided into two types. The words were spoken in a tone modestly subdivided into three types according to their position.Standard Japanese accent has characteristics that in one word mora, the first different tone with the second mora, and the speech was rising modestly again.[Type Accent]

No speech modestlyExample: に わ / niwa (page), は な / hana (nose), な ま え / Namae (name), に ほ ん ご / nihongo (Japanese language)

Speech that there modestly after the first moraExample: ほ ん / hon (book), て ん き / tenki (weather), ら い げ つ / raigetsu (next month)

There modestly remarks after the second mora, or mora hereinafterExample: た ま ご / tamago (egg), ひ こ う き / hikouki (aircraft), せ ん せ い / sensei (teacher)

There modestly remarks after the final moraExample: く つ / kutsu (shoes), は な / hana (flower), や す み / yatsumi (holiday), お と う と / ototo (younger brother)は な / hana (nose) at (1) together with は な / hana (flower) to (4), but different types of accents as if these words are followed by particles like が spoken with は な が / hanaga on (1 ) and a は な が at (4). Words are the same but different accent like this could have other meanings. Examples other words as follows:Example: は し / hashi (bridge): は し (chopsticks) い ち / ichi (one): い ち (position)On-accent accent accent areas mentioned above is sometimes different. For example accent Osaka area is very different from the standard accent. For example, as follows.Standard accent: Accent area Osakaは な: は な (flowers)り ん ご: り ん ご (apple)お ん が く: お ん が く (music)

  •  Intonation
     Intonation is divided into three types: (1) average, (2) up and (3) down. Question pronounced with rising intonation. The others usually pronounced with a flat intonation, but sometimes pronounced with the intonation down when showing a sense of approval, disappointment etc.ふ ゆ: あ し た と も だ ち と お は な み を し ま す. [→ average]fuyu      : Ashita tomodachi to o hanami o shimasuは る ー さ ん も い っ し ょ に い き ま せ ん か. [↑ ride]Haru-san mo issho ni ikimasen kaは る ー: あ あ, い い で す ね え. [↓ down]Haru        : A, īdesu nē.Fuyu: Tomorrow, I'll see Sakura flower with friends.Haru Will go together?Haru: Well, yes. 

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